Russian hybrid war in Western Europe
Russia’s hybrid war is being waged on many levels, with an emphasis on economic, social and cultural aspects coming to the fore in Western Europe. Piotr Żochowski explains how historical policy and lobbying in the energy sector serve the long-term goals of Vladimir Putin.
Piotr Żochowski is a senior fellow at the Centre for Eastern Studies (OSW) in Warsaw. Having previously worked on the process of the Russian Army’s withdrawal from Poland at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs , he now specialises in the systems of institutions responsible for internal security in the post-Soviet states.