Begun at around 9am on the 22nd of July, the executions carried out by a special death commando unit saw prisoners shot dead in their individual cells before being herded together and killed en-masse. Others were gunned down in the castle’s corridors and courtyard.
Irmgard Dirksen who lives in a nursing home in Pinneberg in the Schleswig Holstein region, was a teenager when she worked at the Stutthof concentration camp where over 11,000 Jews, Poles and Russians were murdered by the SS.
US Congressman Steve Cohen has apologised for recent statements suggesting Polish complicity in the Holocaust, which evoked hefty protests from the Polish ambassador in the US, the Polish-American Kosciuszko Foundation and the Warsaw-based Institute for National Remembrance (IPN).
US Democratic congressman Steve Cohen has come in for criticism after saying “it was not just Nazi, Germany; it was Poland where some of these more severe, serious concentration camps were Auschwitz and Birkenau."
The Arolsen Archive in Germany is trying to trace relatives of Janusz Klinkowski who died days after the end of the war after being released from the Neuengamme camp near Hamburg.
‘The Girl Scouts from Ravensbrück’ by author Anna Kwiatkowska-Bieda describes how, despite so many adversities, the threat of extermination and undergoing appalling experiments, a group of Polish female political prisoners formed the clandestine ‘Mury’ Scout Troop which operated in secret until the camp was liberated.
German prosecutors said that the 95-year-old who has not been named was a stenographer and a secretary to the commander of Stutthof concentration camp in what was then Nazi-occupied Poland.
To deal with the trauma he had endured, Thomas Geve recorded his memories by putting them on paper. Now for the first time, more than 80 of his sketches are presented alongside his narrative of events in The Boy Who Drew Auschwitz, written with journalist Charlie Inglefield.
Once asked to draw the view from her bedroom window for homework, Anna Odi couldn’t decide whether to draw the crematorium or the gallows where Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Hoess was executed. She told TFN: “I think I am a hostage to the stories of people who experienced this hell. I am continuing what my parents started, to be a witness. Like my parents, I owe it to the victims.”
The Europa Nostra Award was given for highlighting the importance of continuing to educate people in Europe and beyond about one of the darkest episodes in 20th Century history.