Archaeologists working at the Tunel Wielki cave in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland in southeast Poland, say the girl with a chaffinch head in her mouth had come over with an army of invaders during the 1655 Swedish Deluge, a mid-17th century invasion and occupation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The director of the Shem Olam Institute in Israel which took the artefacts said: “The task of transferring the tefillin was done secretly but under the noses of the authorities.” Warsaw City Hall says it is now investigating and added it was “a crime” to not report valuable and historical items found at construction sites.
The museum houses a huge collection of art and historical items, and has played home for Polish exiles.
Thought to be 1,000 years old, the axe will add to the understanding of the history of the Bieszczady region.
The remains of the prehistoric settlement, which belonged to the Lusatian culture, were found deep below the ground in what is today’s Białołęka district of the city.