Archaeologists from the University of Wrocław came across hundreds of artefacts belonging to the African variety of Homo erectus, the ancestor of humans (Homo sapiens), about 70 km east of the present-day city of Atbara.
Team leader Piotr Wroniecki said: “If the system works as expected, it could successfully revolutionise archaeology – as the introduction of radiocarbon dating did in the first half of the 20th century.”
The tombs are between 40 and 50 metres long, with the longer walls reinforced with wooden palisades, while the short eastern walls contained an entrance to a sort of tomb chapel.
The documentary describes Warsaw University archaeology professor Andrzej Niwiński’s life-long search in the Valley of King’s for the hidden tomb of 11th century BC Egyptian ruler Herhor.
The thousands of 900-year-old riches which include coins and jewellery rumoured to have belonged to a Ruthenian princess and sister-in-law of 12-century Polish king Bolesław the Wrymouth were discovered in the small village of Słuszków, near Kalisz.
The 75 victims buried today, which include three infants, were discovered during archaeological work carried out earlier this year by a special section of Poland’s Institute of National Remembrance.
The dentary bone with two rows of cusps on molars and double-rooted teeth is the oldest of its type in the world and belonged to a new early-diverging haramiyid species from the late Triassic period named Kalaallitkigun jenkinsi (Greenlandic for 'tooth from Greenland') by its discoverers.
The settlement may have belonged to a little-known people who lived on the Baltic coast around 2000 BC.
Professor Marta Osypińska, a zooarchaeologist from the Polish Academy of Sciences, described the find as ‘unique’, saying: “Until now, no one has found Indian monkeys at archaeological sites in Africa. Interestingly, even ancient written sources don’t mention this practice.”
Just a few centimetres long with a visible snout and ears, the figurines were discovered at the settlement from around 3,500 years ago encircled by a monumental stone wall – which captured researchers’ interests because it is the oldest of its kind in this part of Europe.