On the eve of the 78th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising, the German Foreign Ministry admitted that Germany is responsible for World War Two crimes in Poland.
President Andrzej Duda, Warsaw Mayor Rafal Trzaskowski and a group of insurgents took part in Saturday's commemorations in Warsaw, which started events to mark the upcoming 78th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising.
According to IPN president Dr Karol Nawrocki, chief among the renewed investigations are three opposition priests who died in suspicious circumstances in 1989.
Created in 1946 as part of a post-war nationwide school project, the pencil and crayon images obtained by TFN show the full, terrible experience of war from the perspective of children.
Occupying 210 square metres and the entire wall of a building in Warsaw’s Ochota district, the design by historical mural painter Rafał Roskowiński is based on two archival photographs of celebrated Warsaw Uprising veteran Professor Witold Kieżun.
After receiving the photo of a mother and father with their new-born baby, the Institute of National Remembrance began a nationwide media campaign to try and identify them. They were later contacted by Stefan Piątkowski who identified the woman as his sister Barbara Piątkowska who had given birth on September 28, 1944 at 9 Polna street in the south of Warsaw.
Due to open in mid-2022, the memorial will feature over 62,000 brass plaques with the names of those who died, with many left blank so that new names can be entered as research into naming all the victims continues.
Stunned heritage officials said the discovery, along with a treasure trove of other valuables which survived two world wars, including the Warsaw Uprising, and the subsequent decades of Communism, are in almost pristine condition.
VIDEO: The 59 black and white photographs were not taken by German photoreporters from a propaganda company but by a regular soldier, although which unit he served with and what specifically he was doing in Warsaw remains a mystery.
As a soldier of the National Military Organisation and the Home Army, Ryszard Witkowski whose nom de guerre was Orliński, used the Leica camera to record German railway transports, patriotic underground events, the activities of Home Army soldiers in Milanowek, the exodus of refugees from Warsaw and the destroyed city after the Uprising.