Aviva Landau was due to visit Poland from Israel this month for the first time since leaving just after the end of the war and was keen to contact the family of her rescuer she remembers as Anna. But all she had was an old address scribbled on the back of an envelope…
The find has been described as enormously significant as it ‘proves that religious Jews not only resisted the deportations in 1942 but also shows that religious practice among observant Jews continued in the ghetto’, director of the Jewish cemetery in Warsaw said.
Sirens wailed across the Polish capital at noon on Monday to mark the 78th anniversary of the start of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
Having been ignored for decades, the extraordinary stories of the women who fought tooth and nail against their Nazi oppressors are finally receiving the attention they merit.
Published in English, ‘Warsaw Ghetto Police: The Jewish Order Service during the Nazi Occupation’ by Holocaust academic Dr Katarzyna Person is the tragic story ‘of people who are placed in an impossible situation during war and the decisions they make.’
The director of the Shem Olam Institute in Israel which took the artefacts said: “The task of transferring the tefillin was done secretly but under the noses of the authorities.” Warsaw City Hall says it is now investigating and added it was “a crime” to not report valuable and historical items found at construction sites.
Poland on Monday held a commemorative ceremony marking the 80th anniversary of the sealing off of the Warsaw Ghetto, which opened another stage of the implementation by Nazi Germany of the planned extermination of the Jewish nation.
The sixteen-kilometre wall was an ever-tightening noose around the Jewish district and a further stage in the Germans’ plan to exterminate all Jews in occupied Poland.
Consisting of 126 sheets and containing 31 of SS monster Jurgen Stroop's daily reports and 53 photographs, the document details the course of the Jewish uprising, a list of the units and people involved in the operation, as well as the reality of fighting in the ghetto.
The Miasto Jest Nasze (The City Is Ours) association appealed on Friday to Norwegian Ambassador to Poland Anders Eide for help in recovering historic areas of Warsaw's urban green space which have been sold, the activists claim, illegally to a developer.