Enraged by the impertinence of the Polish Home Army, Hitler orders the city wiped off the face of the map - every man, woman and child was to be killed. In the rapture that follows the first days of the Warsaw Uprising, that order became reality for 11 young girls helping the wounded in a hospital. Some of the worst war criminals of World War 2 were set on the defenceless civilians in the West of the city. Including the hospital. This is the story of those 11 girls and how Poles today keep theirs - and the thousands other murdered in what has become known as the Wola massacre - alive.
Dating back to 1408, New Town has a plethora of curious details, stunning building facades and a fascinating history waiting to be explored.
Our host Patrick Ney met up with Aleksandra Duda, a guide at the Muzeum Powstania Warszawskiego to discover what historians have called, 'one of the greatest tragedies of the Second World War.'
After the outbreak of war the athletic and multilingual Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz helped Polish refugees in Thessaloniki but his talents were soon spotted by Polish and British intelligence. Following the German invasion of Greece, a British submarine transported him back to Greek territory where he would begin his remarkable career.
Historians claim that DNA testing shows that the Polish nobleman who rose to fame during the American Revolution was intersex as his remains have genetic and biological female characteristics.