Launched on August 2, 1943, in about 30 minutes of violence and mayhem around 300 prisoners managed to find their way through the barbwire to freedom. Among the 63 who survived to see the end of the war was Samuel Willenberg, an artist who would later fight with distinction in the Warsaw Uprising.
The awareness that the Germans were striving for the total extermination of Jews changed the character of Jewish resistance. Under no illusions about what the Germans were planning to do to them, ghetto residents began to build tunnels, bunkers and shelters. In total, about a thousand poorly armed insurgents took part in the fighting. Set against them were more than two thousand Wehrmacht, SS and Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Latvian auxiliary units with armoured vehicles and artillery.
Jewish tailor Moshe Bajtel had been friendly with his neighbours Aleksander and Sabina Smolak for years, so after escaping he went straight to the home of his long-time friend where he stayed for two years.
With an increasing number of Poles embracing the celebration of Halloween, an abandoned sanatorium in Otwock near Warsaw is proving a timely reminder that not all scares are staged…
Realising that the tide of war had turned, prisoners became fearful that the Germans might try and hide their crimes by murdering all those in the camp and then razing it to the ground. In early 1943, an underground Jewish resistance organisation was formed with the goal of seizing control of the camp and escaping to freedom