Discovered by archaeologists in the Stajnia cave in southern Poland in 2010, recent radiocarbon work has now dated it to around 41,500 years ago from when Homo sapiens were in Europe.
Contained inside, researchers unearthed 285 objects including 194 coins, 21 crosses and medals, 11 buttons, three rings, two coffin handles, 23 ceramic fragments, eight glass fragments, and a piece of a window.
The find, which was made by staff from the Mamerki museum in northeast Poland and a group of volunteer historical searchers, is described as the biggest discovery ever made at the 200-hectare forest headquarters.
To mark the 60th anniversary of one of the most valuable hoards of treasure ever found in Europe, TFN’s Nick Westerby travelled to Toruń to find out more about the stash and where it came from.
The dig at an old orangery in the palace grounds in the village of Minkowskie is being carried out by the Silesian Bridge Foundation which says it has a war diary written by a Waffen SS officer at the end of the war.
Treasure hunters say they have located 10 tonnes of Nazi gold worth nearly half a billion pounds that was stolen by SS chief Heinrich Himmler at the end of WWII in order to establish a Fourth Reich.
The rare find in the village of Ratajki in northwest Poland included maps, documents and an Iron Cross belonging to the Wehrmacht lieutenant who had been fleeing from the Russians at the end of WWII.
After making his find near the north-eastern town of Olsztyn, treasure hunter Aleksander Miedwiedew said that the sword, scabbard, belt and two knives were in ‘an extremely good state’, adding that in their day the artefacts would have been valuable items, equivalent to the price of a family car today.
Hidden from the Swedes, looted on the orders of Empress Catherine of Russia, spirited away down the Vistula three days before the Germans entered Krakow in 1939, evacuated to Romania, then to France, Britain and finally to Canada, the tapestries are one of Poland’s most important treasures and a symbol of its tumultuous history.
The thousands of 900-year-old riches which include coins and jewellery rumoured to have belonged to a Ruthenian princess and sister-in-law of 12-century Polish king Bolesław the Wrymouth were discovered in the small village of Słuszków, near Kalisz.