Following the 225th anniversary of Dąbrowski establishing his Polish legions in Italy on 9 January in 1797, TFN’s Stuart Dowell looks back at the man, and his legions.
Weighing nearly 13 tons, cast in Kraków in 1520 by Nuremberg bellmaker Hans Beham, it was hung on 9 July 1521 in a specially erected defence tower of Wawel Royal Castle, known as the Zygmunt Tower.
At a time when Poland didn’t exist as a sovereign nation after being wiped off the map of Europe by the three partitions between 1772–1795, the Panorama provided a comforting memory of the importance of the Polish nation.
The city isn’t short on covert quirks and curiosities – things and places that somehow fall between the cracks when it comes to receiving the widespread adulation of the backpacker bibles and internet’s travel sites.
The museum houses a huge collection of art and historical items, and has played home for Polish exiles.
The works which begin on August 4th and are expected to finish next year, will be the most extensive refurbishment since the museum opened in 1985.
Architects say the main design goal is to make Łód’s Freedom Square “a friendly place for residents and tourists.”
Warsaw Mayor Rafal Trzaskowski has declared the city's help in restoring a memorial to Polish and US national hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko, located in front to the White House in Washington DC.
The Polish ambassador in Washington Piotr Wilczek said he was “disgusted and appalled” by the attack and has called on the White House and the National Parks Service to restore the monument quickly to its original state.
The man behind masterpieces such as the Racławice Panorama and The Crucifixion, Jan Styka, who studied under Poland’s ‘national painter’ Jan Matejko, was also a great orator, his patriotic speeches being printed in French in 1915 under the title ‘The Soul of Poland’.