With Poland already struggling to keep the full weight of Hitler’s Wehrmacht at bay, the pre-dawn hours of September 17th saw Stalin’s Red Army forces invade from the East, thereby fulfilling a secret annex in August’s Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. For two-and-a-half weeks Poland held out against both foes, but the writing was on the wall.
Tucked away in a Warsaw suburb lies one of the lesser-known horrors of post-war Poland. With cells set up in the cellars and interrogation rooms on the upper floors, nowhere symbolises the resistance and tragedy of the so-called ‘Cursed soldiers’ more than Jasny Dom (The White House).
Poland was now in a war it had no possibility of winning, trapped between two behemoths. Its forces were overwhelmed by the mechanized modern German army, and Poland had nothing left with which to fight the Soviets, it’s 1,400 km border only being defended by poorly armed border guards.