With the threat from Soviet Russia very real, Józef Piłsudski’s bold excursion deep towards the east was part of his grand idea to create a military and political alliance, a buffer of independent countries allied with Poland, including Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine.
TFN looks back on the arrest 75 years ago of 16 key members of Poland’s underground state, and the blow it delivered to the restoration of democracy.
The 1940 Katyn Forest Massacre in which the Soviets mass-executed over 20,000 Polish POWs was the biggest Soviet crime during World War Two, the Spanish daily El Espanol wrote on Tuesday in connection with the incident's 80th anniversary.
Standing 23 metres high, the monument will be a type of obelisk known as a gnomon, the part of the sundial that casts the shadow and the top of the monument will bear the date “1920”.
To mark the 80th anniversary of Soviet deportations of Poles from occupied territories, newly released testimonies make harrowing reading.
Tribute was paid in the eastern Polish city of Lublin on Sunday to Poles expelled from the former eastern borderlands and deported to Siberia by the Soviet authorities. The Lublin ceremonies marked the 80th anniversary of mass deportations.
The Russian Defence Ministry on Friday accused Poland's World War Two Home Army (AK) resistance of exterminating Jews and Ukrainians in Warsaw prior to the city's 1945 liberation by the Red Army.
Russian MPs on Friday reacted with indignation to Polish Deputy Foreign Minister Pawel Jablonski's claims that Warsaw's January 17 1945 liberation from the Germans by the Red Army spelt new enslavement for Poland.
When the Red Army command crossed the Vistula on January 17, 1945, Soviet propogandists called it a liberation, a label that stuck for over seven decades. But as TFN’s Stuart Dowell notes, as early as 1944, the Soviet authorities in Praga had already begun building their terror apparatus to prepare the ground for the takeover of power.
The Polish League Against Defamation, ahead of ceremonies marking the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Nazi German death camp Auschwitz, has sent information to 8,000 news outlets in the United States, Germany, France and Russia, stressing the use of correct nomenclature related to the death camp.