We take a look at the Freedom and Independence movement formed to combat Soviet terror in Poland following World War 2.
Officially known as the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism, August 23rd was chosen as it coincides with the date of the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, a 1939 non-aggression pact between the USSR and Nazi Germany which would see a German-Soviet carve-up of Poland.
In response to articles appearing in Newsweek and the Onet news portal recalling the memories of a Red Army doctor held in a POW camp which he describes as ‘hell on earth’, in a three-page letter to the CEO of Ringier Axel Springer Media, Morawiecki said that ‘no one is allowed to relativize history’ and ‘we cannot allow the true picture of this war to be distorted.’
Covering an area of 360 square metres on the side of a ten-floor apartment building, the mural features historical figures associated with the battle, including statesman Józef Piłsudski.
The heads of the foreign affairs committees of the Polish lower house and parliaments of the Baltic States have voiced their concern over Russia's attempts to distort history by means of a new interpretation of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact.
The memorial plaque, the flag design of which is a reference to the Polish flag that Polish soldiers raised on the Victory Column in Berlin’s Tiergarten on 2 May 1945, will be mounted on the city’s Polytechnic where the First Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division finally broke the fierce resistance of the Germans defending the building.
With the threat from Soviet Russia very real, Józef Piłsudski’s bold excursion deep towards the east was part of his grand idea to create a military and political alliance, a buffer of independent countries allied with Poland, including Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine.
TFN looks back on the arrest 75 years ago of 16 key members of Poland’s underground state, and the blow it delivered to the restoration of democracy.
The 1940 Katyn Forest Massacre in which the Soviets mass-executed over 20,000 Polish POWs was the biggest Soviet crime during World War Two, the Spanish daily El Espanol wrote on Tuesday in connection with the incident's 80th anniversary.
Standing 23 metres high, the monument will be a type of obelisk known as a gnomon, the part of the sundial that casts the shadow and the top of the monument will bear the date “1920”.