Fleeing Moscow following the outbreak of the Russian Civil War, the man and wife team of Katarzyna Kobro and Władysław Strzemiński went on to become two of the most significant avant-garde artists of the 20th century.
Since its creation under the reign of Louis XIV, the Ballet School of the Opéra national de Paris has built a worldwide reputation for excellence.
A Polish-born physicist and chemist, Maria became one of the most famous scientists of her time. In 1903 she was awarded the Nobel Prize, and went on to win another just eight years later.
One of the most world-famous Polish contemporary playwrights would have been 88 today.