Initiated by the NKVD but soon handed over to the newly-installed secret police, the UB, within weeks thousands of Poles were again behind barbed wire at the former death camp.
A ceremony commemorating Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat who before the end of WW2 saved thousands of Hungarian Jews from deportation to Nazi German death camps, will be held in Warsaw on Friday, Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister Paweł Jabłoński told PAP.
Tucked away in a Warsaw suburb lies one of the lesser-known horrors of post-war Poland. With cells set up in the cellars and interrogation rooms on the upper floors, nowhere symbolises the resistance and tragedy of the so-called ‘Cursed soldiers’ more than Jasny Dom (The White House).
In her book, Teoria Wyzwolenia (Theory of Liberation), Anna Straszyńska maps out in detail all the key addresses in Praga where the NKVD set up its interrogation and arrest centres, where prisoners were executed and even where the perpetrators lived.
To some she was a traitor, to others a heroine, but perhaps all Wanda Kronenberg did was in the cause of survival.
A monument honouring Polish independence underground activists murdered by Soviet NKVD and SMERSH troops in northeastern Poland in July 1945 was unveiled in Suwałki on Sunday.