Symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings, daffodils have become synonymous with the beginning of spring. But in Poland, they have yet another meaning - the commemoration of the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
A film exploring the history of the 1920 Polish-Bolshevik war has picked up one of the top awards at the 32nd Polish Film festival in America.
The awareness that the Germans were striving for the total extermination of Jews changed the character of Jewish resistance. Under no illusions about what the Germans were planning to do to them, ghetto residents began to build tunnels, bunkers and shelters. In total, about a thousand poorly armed insurgents took part in the fighting. Set against them were more than two thousand Wehrmacht, SS and Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Latvian auxiliary units with armoured vehicles and artillery.
Born on January 1, 1918 Edelman fought in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Warsaw Uprising and went on to be a prominent anti-racism campaigner.
TFN’s Stuart Dowell travelled to the city of Łódź where, 76 years ago this month, Hitler’s monstrous SS set up a ‘concentration’ camp exclusively for children aged between 2 and 16.