An exhibition devoted to the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Rising, in which Warsaw's Jewish population rose up against the Nazis, opened on Friday in the government-run Centro Sefarad Israel institute.
During WWII, the site of the dig in what is now Warsaw’s Muranów district was the headquarters of the Jewish Combat Organisation, which was instrumental in organising and launching the ghetto uprising.
The awareness that the Germans were striving for the total extermination of Jews changed the character of Jewish resistance. Under no illusions about what the Germans were planning to do to them, ghetto residents began to build tunnels, bunkers and shelters. In total, about a thousand poorly armed insurgents took part in the fighting. Set against them were more than two thousand Wehrmacht, SS and Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Latvian auxiliary units with armoured vehicles and artillery.