An important step forward in the nation’s struggle for independence and self-determination, the rebellion which was launched on the night of January 22, was sparked by economic hardship, political repression and a growing sense of national identity among the Polish people.
Poland on Sunday marked the 160th anniversary of the 1863 January Uprising, the largest and longest-lasting armed insurrection against Russian rule on Polish soil.
TFN’s Stuart Dowell travelled to the small town of Września near Poznań where 120 years ago today children boycotted religious classes in protest against Germanization. The students were flogged and their parents were sentenced to prison. Known as the Strike of the Children of Września, the incident has gone down in history as a patriotic struggle to retain the right to use the Polish language.
President Andrzej Duda has paid his respects to those who fought and died in the 1863 January Uprising.
The sword has been identified as a type that was especially popular in the Austrian-controlled part of Poland in the early 1860s, around the time of the January Uprising of 1863-1864.
He sailed the Seven Seas and he fought against the Russians but Adam Mierosławski once controlled Amsterdam although he was a long way from Holland.
The patriots who fought in the 1863 January Uprising were objects of veneration in inter-war Poland, and the memory of the uprising was full of respect, President Andrzej Duda said during ceremonies marking the 155th anniversary of the revolt.