Murdered by communists in Lublin Castle in 1949, the whereabouts of Henryk Wieliczko’s body remained unknown for six decades.
According to IPN president Dr Karol Nawrocki, chief among the renewed investigations are three opposition priests who died in suspicious circumstances in 1989.
Polish historians have discovered how the commandant of Hitler’s concentration camp for Polish children in Łódź got away with his crimes after the war and lived a cushy life until old age in Munich.
At today’s handover at the Treblinka death camp memorial museum, IPN chief Dr Karol Nawrocki said that the objects “are not just evidence of the crimes committed by the Germans but also evidence of victory over amnesia.”
After receiving the photo of a mother and father with their new-born baby, the Institute of National Remembrance began a nationwide media campaign to try and identify them. They were later contacted by Stefan Piątkowski who identified the woman as his sister Barbara Piątkowska who had given birth on September 28, 1944 at 9 Polna street in the south of Warsaw.
According to historical records, Marshall Edward Śmigły-Rydz died suddenly, allegedly of heart failure, while living undercover in Warsaw in December 1941. The initial results of this week’s exhumation show that at a depth of about 2.5 metres, a burial crypt was discovered, with a sealed metal coffin containing the remains of a man.
The building in the centre of Augustów in north-east Poland was used by the NKVD and the Communist secret police to hold and interrogate victims of the 1945 Augustów Roundups, known as the little Katyń.
While examining documents in private collections, historians from the Museum of Polish Children - Victims of Totalitarianism found eight letters written by children who had been imprisoned in what was called the Preventive Camp for Young Poles of the Security Police in Łódź (Jugendverwahrlager der Sicherheitspolizei in Litzmannstadt).
Presumably showing parents with their new-born child, the couple’s radiant happiness and the child’s snow-white baby blanket stand in stark contrast to the chaos and crumbled building ruins of Warsaw strewn around them.
Poland's Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) issued a statement on Saturday rebutting a Los Angeles Times article that attributed to Poland complicity in the Nazi Holocaust.