Born on the 27th of October 1898 in Kielce, Józef Hartman’s significant role in training and mentoring the young Polish soldiers who had volunteered for the special undercover mission, came soon after his arrival to Great Britain in 1940.
As a soldier of the National Military Organisation and the Home Army, Ryszard Witkowski whose nom de guerre was Orliński, used the Leica camera to record German railway transports, patriotic underground events, the activities of Home Army soldiers in Milanowek, the exodus of refugees from Warsaw and the destroyed city after the Uprising.
The building in the centre of Augustów in north-east Poland was used by the NKVD and the Communist secret police to hold and interrogate victims of the 1945 Augustów Roundups, known as the little Katyń.
The ‘castaways’ numbered from 500 up to possibly 2,000 people, but only a few hundred made it to the end. To survive, they formed themselves into small groups, pooling skills and dividing tasks. For the months ahead they hunkered in their shelters, each an island in the ocean of ruins.
WARNING! GRAPHIC IMAGES: The remains of three bodies belonging to victims judged to be around 19-20 years old were found by the Search and Identification Bureau of the Institute of National Remembrance.
The haul of 383 ID cards and three insurgent passes is more than twice as many as the entire collection that the museum has built up over several decades, with museum sources saying the batch may be worth as much as one million złotys. But the identity of the donor remains a mystery.
Three Belarusian opposition activists have received Poland's Jan Nowak-Jeziorański Award for their fight for human rights.
Commonly cited as one of the most iconic reconciliatory moments ever captured on camera, on this day 50 years ago the West German Chancellor, Willy Brandt, sank to his knees in Warsaw in atonement of his nation’s wartime atrocities.
After ruthless conmen posing as roofing contractors walked off with PLN 10,000 that Bogusław Czarmiński had saved to repair his roof in time for the winter cold the BohaterON organisation swung into action.
Known for helping her patients without wearing gloves during treatment so as not to frighten and discourage them, Wanda Błeńska who died at the age of 103 cured thousands of Ugandans of leprosy.