The 75 victims buried today, which include three infants, were discovered during archaeological work carried out earlier this year by a special section of Poland’s Institute of National Remembrance.
Dr. Dawid Kobialka, from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences said the grim discovery related to a massacre by Gestapo officers in the second half of January 1945.
Still operating, the Pleszew line has embraced the future by becoming a cultural centre.
The 19mm-long, nine-carat gold Caterpillar Club Irvin pin, with red amethyst eyes was awarded to Captain Stanisław Król before he was executed by the Gestapo.
The documents produced between 1939 and 1944 by the occupying German authorities in Łódź, came to light when a man living in the Bielany district of Warsaw who says he bought them at a market offered the collection for sale demanding PLN 59,000.
Dropped into enemy-occupied Europe and with a price on her head, Skarbek once persuaded the Gestapo to release a resistance leader and two fellow agents.
After months of meticulous research, author Sylwia Winnik gathered together eight accounts of children who spent part of their childhood in the German prison in occupied Warsaw for her new book Dzieci z Pawiaka (The Children from Pawiak). TFN’s Stuart Dowell met her to find out more.
Researchers from the Institute of National Remembrance’s Search and Identification Bureau will now use DNA samples to try and determine if the remains found at the prison belong to Pilecki who was executed at the prison in 1948.
The Krysia bunker, named after the Polish word for hideout ‘kryjówka’, was the largest hiding place for Jews outside the Warsaw Ghetto, the longest lasting and the largest rescue operation of its kind in occupied Warsaw. On the National Day of Poles Saving Jews, TFN’s Stuart Dowell looks back at the place now marked by only a small remembrance plaque.
The game ‘Dignity, Freedom and Independence’ [Godność, wolność and niepodległość] takes players on ability-adjusted missions to explore Poland's rich history and test players' knowledge.