The 19mm-long, nine-carat gold Caterpillar Club Irvin pin, with red amethyst eyes was awarded to Captain Stanisław Król before he was executed by the Gestapo.
The documents produced between 1939 and 1944 by the occupying German authorities in Łódź, came to light when a man living in the Bielany district of Warsaw who says he bought them at a market offered the collection for sale demanding PLN 59,000.
Dropped into enemy-occupied Europe and with a price on her head, Skarbek once persuaded the Gestapo to release a resistance leader and two fellow agents.
After months of meticulous research, author Sylwia Winnik gathered together eight accounts of children who spent part of their childhood in the German prison in occupied Warsaw for her new book Dzieci z Pawiaka (The Children from Pawiak). TFN’s Stuart Dowell met her to find out more.
Researchers from the Institute of National Remembrance’s Search and Identification Bureau will now use DNA samples to try and determine if the remains found at the prison belong to Pilecki who was executed at the prison in 1948.
Operation Arsenal, which took place 77 years ago today, was to go down in history as one of the most daring prison breaks of the Second Word War. And yet few have ever heard of it. TFN's Joanna Jasińska looks back at the events surrounding one of WWII's lesser-known bitter-sweet triumphs.
The Krysia bunker, named after the Polish word for hideout ‘kryjówka’, was the largest hiding place for Jews outside the Warsaw Ghetto, the longest lasting and the largest rescue operation of its kind in occupied Warsaw. On the National Day of Poles Saving Jews, TFN’s Stuart Dowell looks back at the place now marked by only a small remembrance plaque.
The game ‘Dignity, Freedom and Independence’ [Godność, wolność and niepodległość] takes players on ability-adjusted missions to explore Poland's rich history and test players' knowledge.
An extraordinary tale of doomed love between a WWII Polish prisoner and a pretty, young German girl has emerged out of a small village in southern Germany.