Deported to the camp on 27 April 1942, Stefania Łącka “reached the peaks of heroism" trying to support and save others from death.
Begun at around 9am on the 22nd of July, the executions carried out by a special death commando unit saw prisoners shot dead in their individual cells before being herded together and killed en-masse. Others were gunned down in the castle’s corridors and courtyard.
Thought to contain WWII secrets including traitors, the archive believed to be inside the Bond-like underworld complex has been described as ‘an invaluable source of information about the dark times of the WWII occupation.’
Published in English, ‘Warsaw Ghetto Police: The Jewish Order Service during the Nazi Occupation’ by Holocaust academic Dr Katarzyna Person is the tragic story ‘of people who are placed in an impossible situation during war and the decisions they make.’
The Cichociemni, or the Silent Unseen, were elite special-operations paratroopers trained in the UK to carry out covert operations, sabotage and intelligence-gathering in occupied Poland. Most of them completed their training at Audley End House, an early 17th-century country house outside Saffron Walden, Essex, England, one of the finest Jacobean houses in the UK.
The 75 victims buried today, which include three infants, were discovered during archaeological work carried out earlier this year by a special section of Poland’s Institute of National Remembrance.
Dr. Dawid Kobialka, from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences said the grim discovery related to a massacre by Gestapo officers in the second half of January 1945.
Still operating, the Pleszew line has embraced the future by becoming a cultural centre.
The 19mm-long, nine-carat gold Caterpillar Club Irvin pin, with red amethyst eyes was awarded to Captain Stanisław Król before he was executed by the Gestapo.
The documents produced between 1939 and 1944 by the occupying German authorities in Łódź, came to light when a man living in the Bielany district of Warsaw who says he bought them at a market offered the collection for sale demanding PLN 59,000.