The battle forced the Ottomans to give up their dreams of adding Poland to their realm, and gave Poland its self-image of being the defender of Christianity in Europe.
Polish President Andrzej Duda and his wife Agata Kornhauser-Duda laid flowers on Thursday at the Polish Military Cemetery at Monte Cassino in southern Italy, the site of a 1944 battle in which Polish forces played a key role.
The memorial commemorates the Polish “Few” and the 1,900 Poles who lost their lives in the air war.
According to Dr. Szymon Dreja, director of the Museum of the Battle of Grunwald, the discovery of the battle axes at the site of the battle in northern Poland are an archaeological sensation, and there is little doubt that the axes come from what many historians say was the largest battle of the middle ages in Europe.
The battle’s importance for Poland and the rest of Europe cannot be overstated. According to British diplomat Lord Edgar Vincent d’Abernon it is 18th in the list of the most important battles in the history of the world, ahead of the Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Midway.
Covering an area of 360 square metres on the side of a ten-floor apartment building, the mural features historical figures associated with the battle, including statesman Józef Piłsudski.
Poland's and Lithuania's top officials on Wednesday marked the anniversary of the 1410 Battle of Grunwald, in which Polish-Lithuanian forces defeated the German–Prussian Teutonic Knights.
May 18 marks the 76th anniversary of the 1944 Battle of Monte Cassino in which Polish forces, under the command of General Władyslaw Anders, played a key role.
The memorial plaque, the flag design of which is a reference to the Polish flag that Polish soldiers raised on the Victory Column in Berlin’s Tiergarten on 2 May 1945, will be mounted on the city’s Polytechnic where the First Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division finally broke the fierce resistance of the Germans defending the building.
After hearing rumours about a mass grave where 62 soldiers killed during the 1915 Battle of Opatów fell, members of the Świętokrzyska Exploration Group along with WWI military expert Marek Lis have embarked upon an historical detective hunt to give the soldiers the resting place they deserve.