Freedom Defender’s Day, commemorated in Lithuania on the 13th January each year, honours those killed 30 years ago when unarmed civilians in Vilnius stood up to defend Lithuanian independence against Soviet forces attempting to seize control.
The 79th anniversary of the closure of a Roma camp in the World War Two Jewish ghetto in Poland's central city of Lodz, known as the Litzmannstadt Ghetto, was marked online on Tuesday due to the coronavirus pandemic.
The 76th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz on January 27 will this year be held online and will highlight the fate of children in the camp.
The Polish president has paid tribute to dozens of workers killed by communist police and soldiers during mass protests in 1970 in Baltic-coast cities, saying that the blood shed that day had helped to give birth to a “free Poland”.
Poland's prime minister speaking on the 50th anniversary of the December 1970 worker protests said that memory about those who shed their blood for a free Poland should not be forgotten.
Mateusz Morawiecki, the prime minister, has commemorated the shooting dead of nine protesting coal miners by communist riot police units in December 1981.
Armed militia confrontations with protestors led to the deaths of around 40 people, while over 1,000 people were injured.
On December 13th at 5p.m. the Mazowsze group will perform Lucjan Rydel's ‘Betlejem Polskie’ (Polish Bethlehem), directed by Zbigniew Kułagowski.
Commonly cited as one of the most iconic reconciliatory moments ever captured on camera, on this day 50 years ago the West German Chancellor, Willy Brandt, sank to his knees in Warsaw in atonement of his nation’s wartime atrocities.
Speaking at Sunday's commemorations President Duda said that today it is difficult for young people to understand what it truly means to have Polish authorities chosen by Polish people in free elections.