The battle forced the Ottomans to give up their dreams of adding Poland to their realm, and gave Poland its self-image of being the defender of Christianity in Europe.
A friend of Chopin and an influence on 20th century Polish writers and musical artists, Cyprian Kamil Norwid is often considered the fourth national ‘bard’ or ‘poet-prophet’ after the big three of Adam Mickiewicz, Julisz Słowacki and Zygmunt Krasiński.
A message written by the Solidarity trade union to the “working people of Eastern Europe” on September 8. 1981, carried the union’s philosophy across national borders, President Andrzej Duda writes in an article marking the 40th anniversary of a message to a region then still under communist oppression.
A burial of Torah scrolls at the Lodz cemetery, central Poland, on Sunday, marked the beginning of observations commemorating the 77th anniversary of the liquidation of the World War II Litzmannstadt Ghetto in the city.
Killed on this day in 1944, Kocjan played a vital role in demystifying Nazi wonder weapons and is credited with saving London from further destruction.
Poles would probably not be free today if not for the heroism and sacrifice of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising insurgents, President Andrzej Duda said on Sunday in Warsaw at commemorations marking the 77th anniversary of the city's revolt against its Nazi-German occupants.
Flowers were laid at the building on Warsaw's Filtrowa Street on Sunday, where on July 31, 1944, the commander of the Warsaw Division of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK), Antoni Chruściel, signed the order to start the Warsaw Uprising.
President Andrzej Duda, Warsaw Mayor Rafal Trzaskowski and a group of insurgents took part in Friday's commemorations in Warsaw, which started events to mark the upcoming 77th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising.
Jedwabne, in Poland's northeastern Podlaskie province, commemorated on Friday the 80th anniversary of a 1941 German-inspired pogrom of the town's Jewish population by their Polish neighbours.
The Polish president and prime minister marked on Sunday the 78th anniversary of the 1943 Volhynia Massacre in which Ukrainian nationalists killed about 100,000 Polish nationals in the regions of Volhynia and Eastern Galicia (pre-WW2 eastern Poland).