January 5 marks the 200th birth anniversary of Polish engineer Ernest Malinowski, known as the constructor of South America's Trans-Andean Railway, one of the highest-located rail routes in the world and a masterpiece of 19th-century engineering.
In 2017, 2.1 million people visited the former Nazi German death camp Auschwitz, in southern Poland, the Auschwitz Museum reported on its website on Wednesday. This is 50,000 more than in 2016, when the number of visitors for the first time exceeded 2 milion.
Over 100 Poles were sentenced to death by a summary police court of the Katowice (southern Poland) Gestapo, which held a session at the Auschwitz Nazi German death camp on January 5, 1945.
The centenary of Poland regaining its independence will also be the centenary of the establishment of the General Staff of the Polish Army. As part of the planned celebrations, an away session of the NATO Military Committee will be taking place in Warsaw.