It is thought that the capsule laid under the 19th century bridge in Tczew along with a commemorative plaque to mark its opening could contain valuables belonging to the king.
Stolen by marauding Germans during WWII, smuggled to the USSR by the Red Army and then gifted to East Germany in the 50s, Pieter de Ring’s 17th century oil on canvass has now been discovered in Berlin’s Gemäldegalerie.
Symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings, daffodils have become synonymous with the beginning of spring. But in Poland, they have yet another meaning - the commemoration of the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
The awareness that the Germans were striving for the total extermination of Jews changed the character of Jewish resistance. Under no illusions about what the Germans were planning to do to them, ghetto residents began to build tunnels, bunkers and shelters. In total, about a thousand poorly armed insurgents took part in the fighting. Set against them were more than two thousand Wehrmacht, SS and Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Latvian auxiliary units with armoured vehicles and artillery.
Konstanty Rokicki was a consul in Bern, Switzerland, where together with other Polish diplomats who called themselves the Bern Group they prepared passports for those in danger of deportation to get them out of Europe, mainly to Paraguay, but also Honduras, Peru, Salvador, Bolivia and Haiti.
Taking on secret missions, players make their way across occupied Europe, evading German troops to deliver as many intelligence reports and documents as possible without getting caught.
The discovery has created a unique opportunity for experts to carry out archaeological and anthropological research on king Augustus II the Strong’s remains. The two other coffins belonging to Władysław IV and Queen Cecylia Renata will undergo careful restoration work.
The documents which date from January to October 1945 and include hand-drawn maps, intelligence briefings and instructions on how to deal with the advancing Red Army have been called historically important.
The exhibition covers over a 100 years of machinery and devices that helped win wars, helped spies and undermine communism.
Filmed by champion motorcycle racer Alfons Ziółkowski, the 8mm film records the growing horror of the largest ghetto in German-occupied Europe.