Two Polish universities appear in 'Shanghai List' int'l ranking

Two Polish universities, the University of Warsaw and the Jagiellonian University in Kraków (southern Poland), have appeared on the prestigious 'Shanghai List' (ARWU) of the world's best 500 universities.

The University of Warsaw appeared in the top 400, as it did last year, while the Jagiellonian University made the fifth 100.

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as the 'Shanghai List', has been prepared by Jiao Tong University in Shanghai since 2003. In this year's ranking, the USA's Harvard University came top for the 16th consecutive year. In second and third place were Stanford and Cambridge, respectively, the same as last year.

The University of Warsaw has appeared on the list every year, making the top 400 every year except 2016 when it fell to the fifth 100. The Jagiellonian University, meanwhile, fell to the last 500. In the years 2004-2015 it made the top 400, but slipped to the final 500 in 2016 and has maintained its place there ever since.

The exact places on the list are only public for the top 100-placed universities. The remainder are grouped by 50 or 100 places.

The ARWU uses six objective indicators to rank world universities, including the number of alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, the number of highly-cited researchers selected by Thomson Reuters, the number of articles published in journals of Nature and Science, the number of articles indexed in Science Citation Index - Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index, and per capita performance of the university. More than 1,200 universities are actually ranked by ARWU every year and the best 500 are published.