Stunning new monument to commemorate 1920 Battle of Warsaw unveiled

Standing 23 metres high, the monument will be a type of obelisk known as a gnomon, the part of the sundial that casts the shadow. Nizio Design International

As Poland marks 100 years since the Battle of Warsaw this year, the design for a monument commemorating the battle has been chosen.

The Battle of Warsaw of August 1920 was a key victory for the Poles in the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1921, when they halted the Red Army’s westward advance. 

The top of the monument will bear the date “1920”. It will be built on a circular square containing information about the battle.um.warszawa.pl

After winning the Russian Civil War, the Bolesheviks led by Lenin set out to spread revolution by sending troops west.

However, they were stopped outside Warsaw by Polish forces, with troops led by Józef Piłsudski counterattacking them from the south.

The monument will be designed by Warsaw-based Nizio Design, led by architect Mirosław Nizio. Nizio Design International

It was a massive defeat for Lenin’s forces.

Now the Polish victory will be remembered with a new monument in Warsaw, which will be built on Plac Na Rozdrożu, near the city’s Łazienki Park.

The winning design was revealed after being chosen in a competition, out of 85 applications, which were assessed by a jury of architects, officials, urbanists and historians.Radek Pietruszka/PAP

The winning design was chosen in a competition, out of 85 applications, which were assessed by a jury of architects, officials, urbanists and historians.

The monument will be designed by Warsaw-based Nizio Design, led by architect Mirosław Nizio.

The Battle of Warsaw of August 1920 was a key victory for the Poles in the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1921, when they halted the Red Army’s westward advance. Public domain

After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw and the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York, Nizio worked as a designer, before establishing the studio in 2002.

He has contributed to some of Warsaw’s biggest cultural projects of the past two decades: he co-designed and built the core exhibition at the Warsaw Uprising Museum and was involving in making the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews.

Polish soldiers heading off to the front line. Public domain

Standing 23 metres high, the monument will be a type of obelisk known as a gnomon, the part of the sundial that casts the shadow. 

The top of the monument will bear the date “1920”. It will be built on a circular square containing information about the battle.

“The proposed form of commemoration skilfully emphasises the civilisational, not just the military role, of the Battle of Warsaw,” wrote the jury in their statement justifying their decision.

Lenin’s Bolesheviks were stopped outside Warsaw by Polish forces led by Józef Piłsudski. Public domain

“By being twisted, the simple form of the obelisk gains new possibilities of interpretation and captures the seriousness of victory,” they added, noting that, with its greenery and water elements, the monument will create a welcoming urban space where people can walk.

The winning team will receive a prize of 50,000 złoty and will be invited to negotiate in a single-source procurement procedure.

For now, it is unclear when the monument will be completed.