Silesian Uprising leaders honoured

Hanna Bardo/PAP

President Andrzej Duda laid wreaths at the graves of three Silesian Uprising leaders at a local cemetery in Katowice, southern Poland, on Friday, as part of ceremonies marking the centenary of the 1st Silesian Uprising.

The president laid wreaths at the graves of Wojciech Korfanty, the leader of the 3rd Silesian Uprising, Konstanty Wolny, the first speaker of the Silesian Sejm, and Jozef Rymer, the first Silesian province governor.

Later on Friday, the president will attend the unveiling of a plaque commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Silesian Uprisings, and will address a gala session of the Silesian provincial assembly.

In the years 1919-1921, Upper Silesia, which belonged to Germany before World War I, was contested by Germany and Poland. Polish national moods in the region mounted considerably after Poland re-won its independence in 1918, and were strongly fought down by its German administration and army. The conflict led to three Silesian Uprisings between 1919 and 1921. After the Third Silesian Uprising, 29 percent of land and 46 percent of the population of the area was returned to Poland.