Prosecutors drops probe against historian in defamation case

According to Katowice prosecutors, Gross (pictured) did not break laws prohibiting the defamation of Poland in the article and therefore the investigation was terminated, the prosecutor's office spokesperson, Marta Zawada-Dybek, told PAP. Wojciech Pacewicz/PAP

Prosecutors in Katowice, south Poland, decided on Tuesday that Polish historian and sociologist Jan T. Gross did not defame the Polish nation in his 2015 publication.

In the article "Eastern Europe's Crisis of Shame" published on the website of the German daily Die Welt, the expert wrote that the Poles, "deservedly proud of their society's anti-Nazi resistance, actually killed more Jews than Germans" during the Second World War.

According to Katowice prosecutors, Gross did not break laws prohibiting the defamation of Poland in the article and therefore the investigation was terminated, the prosecutor's office spokesperson, Marta Zawada-Dybek, told PAP.

She said that a number of expert opinions were collected during the investigation, which show that there is no unambiguous and convincing data on the number of people of German and Jewish nationality who died as a result of the actions of Poles during World War II. "The issue of estimating the number of victims remains in the sphere of historical research and to this day raises a lot of controversy and scientific polemics," she added.