Polish MFA praises non-proliferation treaty's role in global security

Tomasz Gzell/PAP

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is one of the key pillars of global security and the non-proliferation regime, Poland's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) said in a Thursday statement.

"On March 5 this year we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty. This is a good opportunity to highlight the significant achievements of the NPT in its three pillars: nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful use of nuclear energy," the ministry wrote in the statement.

The strength and importance of the NPT, ratified by 191 countries, stems from its universal nature, according to the ministry. "NPT also enjoys the unambiguous support of NATO Allies and all European Union Member States," the statement went on to say.

The ministry recalled that from the very beginning, Poland had taken part in treaty negotiations and was one of its founding states. "We play an important role in the efforts aimed at the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, being active on many international fora, notably within the UN system."

"In the current NPT review process, to be concluded in May this year, we will chair one of the Main Committees of the 10th Review Conference of the NPT," the ministry also said.

"We trust that, despite the complicated international situation especially evident in the field of arms control, the Review Conference will be brought to a positive conclusion, which would not only strengthen the importance of the NPT, but could also reduce tensions in relations between major nuclear powers," the ministry concluded.

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed in 1968, is the foundation of the international non-proliferation regime. The NPT sanctions the possession of nuclear weapons by China, France, Great Britain, Russia and the United States. It also obliges nuclear superpowers to reduce their arsenals and refrain from transferring nuclear technology to other states.

India, Pakistan, which possess nuclear weapons, as well as Israel, which does not acknowledge nor deny their possession, have not signed the treaty, and neither has South Sudan. North Korea signed the NPT in 1985, but withdrew from it in 2003 and has been conducting nuclear tests despite international sanctions.