Poland to go greener under Energy Ministry's long-term plan
Under a draft energy policy until 2040 by the Energy Ministry, less than 30 pct of Polish electricity will come from buring coal in 2040, but in 2030 the proportion will still be 60 pct. The first nuclear power plant is expected to be up and running by 2033.
According to the draft, Poland will build a nuclear power unit every two years starting from 2033, with six 6-9 GW units expected in total.
Renewable energy is expected to constitute 21 percent of the total energy generated, but land-based wind turbines will be phased out in favour of photovoltaics and - from 2026 - also offshore wind farms.
Poland will reduce its CO2 footprint by 30 percent compared to 1990 and increase energy efficiency by 23 percent by 2030 as compared to the 2007 forecast.
Energy Minister Krzysztof Tchórzewski said that the total investment outlays by 2040 are planned to reach PLN 400 bln (EUR 93 bln).
The draft treats natural gas as a transitory fuel due to its CO2 footprint, finite resources and lack of domestic deposits, said Piotr Naimski, government commissioner for energy infrastructure.
Additionally, the consumption of gas is very high and rising very fast, Naimski added.
The commissioner upheld earlier plans to expand the new LNG terminal in Świnoujście, north-west Poland, and build a pipeline from the Norwegian shelf to Poland on the Baltic seabed to diversify the country's gas supply, as well as continuing domestic extraction of gas.