Poland observes Day of Remembrance of Poles who saved Jews during WWII
On Sunday, March 24, Poland commemorates the 75th anniversary of the day in 1944 when Nazi Germans executed the whole Ulma family for sheltering fellow citizens of Jewish descent, and the Day of Remembrance of Poles who saved Jews during WWII.
Wiktoria and Józef Ulma, a Polish couple from Markowa (southern Poland), hid eight Jews in their home during World War Two, for which in March 1944 they were executed by the Nazis together with their six children and the Jewish fugitives. At the time of her execution, Wiktoria Ulma was eight months pregnant; her eldest daughter was eight years old.
In 1995, Józef and Wiktoria were posthumously awarded with the title of Righteous Among the Nations. The medals are awarded by the Jerusalem-based Yad Vashem Institute to individuals and families who risked their own lives and the lives of their loved ones to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. In 2010, late President Lech Kaczyński distinguished them with the Commander's Cross of the Polonia Restituta Order.
On March 17, 2016, the Ulma Family Museum of Poles Saving Jews in World War II, the first Polish museum of Poles rescuing Jews, was opened in Markowa.
The beatification process of the whole family is under way.
In 2018, Poland's parliament established March 24 as the National Day of Remembrance of Poles who saved Jews from the Holocaust during World War Two.