Litzmannstadt Ghetto girl on special mural in Łódź
A commemorative mural showing a Jewish girl in the World War II Litzmannstadt Ghetto in Łódź, central Poland was unveiled on one of the city's buildings on Sunday. The girl's figure was reproduced from an old photograph, her identity and later fate are unknown.
The mural is the 28th in a series commemorating the Litzmannstadt Ghetto entitled Children of Bałuty (a district of Łódź in which the ghetto was sited - PAP) - Murals of Remembrance. The project's curator, Katarzyna Tośta from the Everyday and Special Occasions Association, explained that the undertaking aimed to bring the fate of the war's youngest victims to public attention.
The project launched in 2012, to date only four of the depicted children have been identifiable by name. The authors of the murals are Wrocław, southeastern Poland, painter and sculptor Piotr Saul and Łódź graphic artist Damian Idzikowski.
The Germans opened the Litzmannstadt Ghetto in February 1940 as the first in the part of occupied Poland included into the Third Reich. A large percentage of the inmates were Jewish intellectuals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Austria and Luxembourg. The second-largest ghetto in German-occupied Europe after the Warsaw Ghetto, it soon evolved into a major industrial centre producing war supplies for the German Army. Owing to its high productivity, the ghetto managed to survive until August 1944.
A total of 68,000 Jews are estimated to have passed through the Litzmannstadt Ghetto.