Leaders congratulate Poland on May 3rd Constitution Day

PAP

The US President, European leaders and royalty have congratulated the Polish nation on the 227th anniversary of the declaration of Poland's ground-breaking May 3rd Constitution.

The presidents of the US Donald Trump, Germany's Frank-Walter Steinmeier, France's Emmanuel Macron, Hungary's Janos Ader and Romania's Klaus Iohannis, as well as the British queen Elizabeth II, and the king of Sweden Carl Gustaf, have sent Poland's President Andrzej Duda congratulations for the Polish nation on the occasion of the May 3 Constitution Day as well the centenary of Poland regaining its independence, the head of the President's Office, Krzysztof Szczerski, told us..

Congratulations to Poland were also sent by the King of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander, President of Austria Alexander Van der Bellen, President of Italy Sergio Mattarella, President of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto, President of Cyprus Nikos Anastasiadis, President of Egypt Abdel Fattah es-Sisi, President of Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain, the King of Morocco Mohammed VI, President of Serbia Aleksandar Vucic, President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic and President of India Ram Nath Kovind.

In his message on behalf of the American nation, the US president stressed the importance of the anniversary of the adoption of the May 3rd Constitution, which is one of the oldest constitutions in the world. Trump reiterated that Poland is a valued ally and partner in NATO and that the US values the lasting cooperation and friendship between the two countries, Szczerski said.

The President of Germany called the Constitution of May 3rd  a "milestone in the history of Europe" and emphasised that it became "a model for subsequent constitutions in Europe, also in Germany," Szczerski pointed out, adding that Steinmeier expressed his joy about his upcoming visit to Poland.

The President of France expressed his will to deepen Polish-French relations "for the good of an ambitious and united Europe, faithful to its principles and values that lie at its foundation, and to the numerous challenges that they must face".

The Hungarian President wrote in his message that the Polish and Hungarian nations "often had to fight to defend their independence." "That's why the word Homeland has a special meaning for us, which in turn greatly contributes to a sense of solidarity between Poles and Hungarians," he added.

"The Romanian President pointed out that Poland and Romania have common means to support the security and development of the region. At the same time, he emphasised the importance of the strategic partnership between the two countries," Szczerski reported.

The May 3rd Constitution was passed on May 3, 1791 by the Great Sejm (grand parliament) of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and was Europe's first document of its kind, predating the famous French Constitution and following the American one by only four years.

It introduced hereditary constitutional monarchy (in place of the free election of kings), religious tolerance and the division of power into the legislative, executive and judicial branches, among other provisions.