IPN and FBI join forces to track down remains of communist victims using Combined DNA Index System
The IPN, which investigates Nazi and communist crimes against the Polish people, has been officially granted access to the CODIS tool under a 2018 agreement with the FBI.
The institute will use it to identify remains of Stalinst-era victims found on excavation sites in and outside Poland.
The IPN-supervised diggings have to date unearthed between 1000 and 1500 corpses.
The CODIS system enables comparisons of genetic profiles, which considerably aids the identification of highly decomposed human remains.
IPN deputy head Krzysztof Szwagrzyk, who oversees the diggings, said CODIS was the world's best genetic identification system and assured that the institute "laid great hopes" on it.
Anna Szelag, deputy head of IPN's Search and Identification Section, said the introduction of the CODIS system will not influence the institute's cooperation to date with outside units which examine and store its genetic material.
Under Polish law, the IPN is obliged to store material designated for identification tests outside its premises.
The IPN, which has received the system cost-free, will be the world's only institution to use it for identifying totalitarianism victims.