Educated women in Poland still earn less than their male peers

Uwe Anspach/PAP/DPA

The high level of education of women in Poland does not translate evenly into their salaries in relation to men, Polish Economic Institute (PIE) expert told PAP.

Polish women, despite the fact that they are often better educated than Polish men and also women from other countries, "do not earn more," Sebastian Sajnog said and added that Poland’s estimated wage gap is higher than "the general comparison of the average salary levels of women and men, for example, the unadjusted wage gap, which stands at 7.9 percent."

Wages are significantly differentiated by, for example, profession, level of education or experience. "Therefore, the adjusted wage gap is also a frequently used measure, in which the remuneration of women and men performing similar work is compared," Sajnog said.

He cited analyses of the European Commission, which show that the adjusted wage gap in EU countries is 11.1 percent. "In most EU countries, this disproportion is greater than in Poland with the highest in Estonia (18 percent), the Czech Republic (17.4 percent) and Lithuania (16.6 percent)."

"Analyses show that in recent years the wage gap in Poland has been decreasing. For example, the OECD estimates that between 2018 and 2021 it decreased from 11.5 to 8.7 percent," he concluded.