Decisions taken at EU summit are consistent with Polish interests - PM

The Polish prime minister said that Thursday's debates regarding climate were "sincere and good," and added that the Polish government showed "how to take care of Poland's interests." Paweł Supernak/PAP

Determinations made at the European Union summit in Brussels were in line with Poland’s interests, as were the discussions which were held, said Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki after the summit's conclusion.

During the EU summit, which took place on Thursday and Friday, a proposal for the European Union to go carbon neutral by 2050 was blocked by Poland and several other countries. The target date was relegated to a footnote on the final summit statement.

The prime minister said on Thursday that, however, there was a "sincere and good" discussion on climate issues, during which the government showed how Poland's interests should be looked after. Referring to the blocking of climate neutrality, he assessed that this was an element of the struggle for, among other goals, lower energy costs.

"Poland could not develop during the 50 years following the Second World War, like France, Austria or the Netherlands did. (…) We are fighting for our interests, the interests of Polish citizens, and for energy costs to be as low as possible," said Morawiecki.

"This energy mix, which is a mix of energy from various sources, will be continued by Poland, and it will be deepened," said the head of government.

He also referred to the dispute which took place before the conclusions of the summit were adopted on Thursday. "One cannot compare the countries which had an opportunity to develop nicely over the past seventy or so years, to Poland, which has only recently been able to develop naturally, and from a historical perspective it is something that must be taken into account. This is, above all, what I appealed for yesterday, and it was adopted," stated Morawiecki.

Morawiecki once again pointed out that Poland wants to know all the specific details, and said that new obligations must come with mechanisms that will compensate Poland for its energy transformation costs.

He stated that not only does production need to be considered, but consumption, as well, as it also contributes to the emission of carbon dioxide.

The prime minister said that Poland is awaiting details on how those countries which must transform their energy and industries will be compensated for their costs, "how the risks imposed on Polish small- and medium-sized enterprises will be minimalised, as well as those on Polish local governments, (…), Polish citizens and, simply, on Poles," he added.

Morawiecki also referred to the EU's so-called strategic agenda. As he said, it was very positive for Poland. "I'm pleased that a consensus has been reached," he stated, and thanked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for its involvement in working on the agenda.

"It's our writings, our efforts, our discussions, our conversations that led to the fact that our interests, in a very clear way, were included in several fundamental areas," he said.

As he noted, those areas included a deepening of the common market. "Under this banner, we also understand the freedom to provide services," and added that this is an economic area in which Poland is pursuing its interests, and named the Polish transport, construction, services and IT sectors.

Another issue indicated by Morawiecki was Poland's approach to migration, including the security of its external borders and the lack of compulsory quotas for the acceptance of migrants by individual member states. "This is the approach which we adopted at the European Council a year ago, and it was confirmed in the strategic agenda," he reported.

In referring to the discussion on filling the most important posts in EU institutions, he stated that during the summit, none of the leading candidates received a majority. He mentioned that numerous bilateral and multilateral consultations are planned for the coming days.

"It's extremely important for us that the candidate is as emotionally balanced as possible. They should not be candidates which divide Europe, because Europe is now more divided than it ever was, and we, Poland, are very interested in unity, so that the divisions do not run too deep," he said.

Morawiecki also observed that "nothing will happen" if the most important positions are not filled by the end of June.