COP24 implements Paris Agreement

The COP24 climate summit in Katowice, southern Poland has implemented the 2015 Paris Agreement on greenhouse emission reduction in a Katowice Package passed at the conference's closing session on Saturday.

In the Package, its authors refer to a recent report by the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which states that current efforts to curb global warming are insufficient and suggests that the temperature reduction target should be lowered to a maximum 1.5 degrees above the pre-industrial period from the 2 degrees as set out in the Paris Agreement. The Package also states the need for a more ambitious climate policy and for more support of climate undertakings in poorer countries by the developed economies.

The document also mentions the COP24 summit's passage of a Solidarity and Just Transition Silesia Declaration which assumes the pursuit of climate goals without encumbering economic growth and jobs and leaves the choice of climate protection means to individual countries. Also emphasised is the need to raise climate protection funding to USD 100 billion annually after 2020.

Removed from the Package are clauses relating to the implementation of the Paris Agreement's Article 6 on the creation of new emission trading mechanism after 2020. The article's contestation by Brazil postponed the summit's close from Friday to Saturday.

Commenting on the summit on Sunday in Katowice, Polish Environment Minister Henryk Kowalczyk called the Katowice Package a "success," and assured that the world will benefit from its regulations. He added that of great importance to the Package was its consent for countries to decide how they would reduce greenhouse emissions.

"After two weeks of very intense work we have achieved success - the passage of the Katowice Package, which operationally implements the Paris Agreement (...). The world will benefit from this, we will be able to protect the climate effectively. (...) The Katowice Package gives individual countries a choice in how they reduce CO2 emissions," the minister said.

Recounting the summit, Kowalczyk said it had been "two weeks of very intense work' involving "perseverance, negotiation skills and the ability to compromise."

Passed late on Saturday, the Katowice Package is an implementation roadmap for the December 12, 2015-adopted Paris Agreement on greenhouse emission mitigation as of 2020.