Coal's share in energy mix down in Poland

The share of hard coal and lignite in the production of energy in Poland is on the decline as a new energy policy starts to take effect.

Poland has long had a reputation of being wedded to coal when it comes to energy generation, but that appears to be changing.

"In 2020, the share of coal and lignite in Poland's energy mix went down to below 70 percent. A year earlier, it was 73 percent," reads a report by the Instrat Foundation, based on the Energy Market Agency data. "In accordance with Poland's new energy policy, this share should not exceed 56 percent by 2030."

Last year 10 percent of energy in Poland was produced from gas, nearly 10 percent was generated from wind, nearly 6 percent from biomass and biogas, and 1.2 percent from photovoltaic sources, which is 2.7 times more than in 2019.

In early February, the government adopted Poland's new energy policy, valid till 2040. It envisages a transition away from fossil fuels, a zero-emission energy system and good air quality.

Poland's energy transition in the years 2021-2040 is likely to cost about PLN 1.6 trillion (EUR 355 billion). But, according to the new guidelines, renewable energy will constitute at least 23 percent of final energy consumption by 2030, while offshore wind farms will generate 5.9 GW of power by 2030 and 11 GW by 2040.

Poland also aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by about 30 percent by 2030, as compared to 1990. By 2040, all households will be kept warm by district heating or by zero- or low-emission individual heating units.

In 2033, Poland should fire up its first nuclear power plant, generating some 1-1.6 GW of power.