Beautiful collectors’ notes issued to commemorate 1920 Battle of Warsaw
A new collectors’ edition of 20 zloty banknotes to commemorate the 1920 Battle of Warsaw have ben released by the National Bank of Poland.
The banknote’s design will include a depiction of Marshal Józef Piłsudski and a painting of the battle by Jerzy Kossak.
August 13th-25th will mark the 100th anniversary of the victorious clash between the newly formed army of the Second Polish Republic and the Red Army which was marching west to bring the Bolshevik revolution to Europe.
Many historians consider the Polish-Soviet war (February 1919 – March 1921), and especially the Battle of Warsaw, to be a key moment in European history – Edgar Vincent D'Abernon, British politician, called it one of 20 battles that decided the fate of the world. The unexpected victory halted the westward advance of Communism.
Historian Wojciech Kalwat from the Museum of Polish History said: “The Battle of Warsaw was a turning point in the war with the Bolsheviks. The victory was hailed as a Miracle of the Vistula and the success was attributed to the care of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose feast of the Assumption fell on the climax of the clash.”
The banknote depicting this extraordinary moment was designed by Justyna Kopecka in a vertical layout.
The front features a silhouette of Marshal Józef Piłsudski, a key commander of the battle, in a pose taken from Kazimierz Mańkowski’s painting “The Year 1920”. The banknote’s back depicts the battle itself, based on the Jerzy Kossak’s ”Miracle of the Vistula”.
Kalwat said: “The painting represents a symbolic scene - priest Ignacy Skorupka leading an attack by soldiers from voluntary formations. The entire design is complemented by a wreath of laurel leaves, a commemorative medal for the war 1918-1921, as well as a fragment of a government proclamation "Homeland in Danger" of 5 August 1920.”
Produced by the Polish Security Printing Works (PWPW), the 60,000 anniversary banknotes will be equipped with all the latest security measures ensuring their authenticity.
The banknotes will be put in circulation on August 11th.