Auschwitz remembrance is important for over 90 pct of Poles - poll

Łukasz Gągulski/PAP

The remembrance of the Nazi German Auschwitz death camp is important or very significant for 94 percent of the Polish people, according to the results of a Kantar poll commissioned by a Jagiellonian University lecturer.

Professor Marek Kucia, the head of the "Auschwitz in the social memory of Poles 75 years later" project, wrote in a communique sent to PAP that 28.7 percent of the respondents described Auschwitz as the most important thing in Poland's history during WWII. The similar percentage (29.2 percent) said the same about German's invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939.

The Jewish people were properly considered as the largest group of Auschwitz victims by 56 percent.

Fifty percent of the respondents said they had visited the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum, including 43 percent willing to visit the site of the former death camp again.

Kantar carried out the survey on January 10-15, 2020, on a sample of 1,015 adult Poles using the computer-assisted interviewing technique.

The Germans established the Auschwitz camp in 1940, initially for the imprisonment of Poles. Auschwitz II-Birkenau was opened two years later and became the main site for the mass extermination of Jews. There was also a network of sub-camps in the complex. The Germans killed at least 1.1 million people at Auschwitz, mainly Jews, but also Poles, Roma and Soviet prisoners of war.

It was liberated by the Red Army on January 27, 1945. In 1947, the camp site was declared a national memorial site.