Archaeologists find remains of 600-year-old ‘Royal Gate’ from times of King Kazimierz the Great
A previously-unknown wall in Kraków that appears to date back to the reign of King Casimir III the Great has been found by archaeologists.
The discovery was made during building works on Krakowska Street, which runs from north to south through the historical neighbourhood of Kazimierz, which was a separate town until the end of the 18th Century and is now part of Kraków’s Old Town.
In 1335, the street was included in a plan of Kazimierz, as its main thoroughfare.
Based on initial research, the archaeologists think that the wall which was built in the 14th Century during the reign of King Kazimierz III the Great, could be part of the long-sought after gate linking Kraków to Kazimierz, reports online portal zwiadowcahistorii.pl.
Photos of the site show a dug-up street with a wall running through it.
Built of limestone from the Polish Jurassic Highland near Kraków, it is over 5 metres thick.
The wall survived many centuries, but was damaged when the sewage system was installed in the 19th Century, when Kraków was part of the Habsburg Empire, noted Paweł Klóska, one of the archaeologists working onsite.
Nearby, they also found a narrower wall just underneath the surface of the street, parallel to the first one.
This wall is around 2.5 metres wide and made of limestone with brick debris.
It is unclear when it was built, but it appears to be newer than the other one.
As well as the walks, the archaeologists also found pieces of ceramics from the 16th and 17th centuries.
Older pieces could be found deeper in the ground, they expect.
To study the newly-discovered walls, a research programme will be set up.
It will involve specialists, including experts on architecture, who will be able to help determine when the walls were built.
Archaeologists are still looking for a gate that once stood at this spot, the Clay Gate (also known as the Kraków Gate).
The northern gate of Kazimierz, it served as a gateway from south to north, towards Kraków.
Despite its name, it was built of stone.